Garden Closed

The United States Botanic Garden (USBG) is temporarily closed to the public to reduce the risk of transmitting COVID-19 coronavirus.

Whenever possible, the USBG will reschedule public programs and events originally scheduled during the closure period. Please monitor the USBG website for updates to operating status. Many resources can still be accessed online, including educational worksheets and manuals, fact sheets and more, and some of our programs will also be made available online. Find online resources at

Tennessee coneflower

Tennessee coneflower (Echinacea tennesseensis)
Plant Botanical Name: 
Echinacea tennesseensis

Echinacea tennesseensis, or Tennessee coneflower, is known to exist naturally only in three locations around Nashville. Smaller and less vigorous than purple coneflower, the Tennessee coneflower has short, more upturned ray flowers; spiny, coppery center disks with a green tinge and a vertical rootstock. It performs well in partial shade, especially near cedar trees and where bedrock is near the surface. This coneflower has historically been rare with its habitat restricted to open sites with low competition. Prior to European settlement, forest "openings" were more common, likely maintained by fire and large grazing mammals. Neither forms of disturbance are a significant factor in modern times; therefore, acceptable habitat is greatly diminished.